Saturday, November 28, 2009

CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION

CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION

The Wazir was the prime minister. All matters concerning revenue were settled by the Diwan. He had two assistants known as diwan-i-am or diwan of salaries and the diwan-i-khas (or Khalisa) or diwan of crown-lands. The mir bakshi was the paymaster. He was entrusted with the task of recruiting the army and main­taining the troops in good order. The khan-i-saman was the lord high steward and was thus in charge of the emperor's department of manufactures, stores and supply. The sadr­us-sudur, also known as sadr-i-kul and sadr-i-jahan, was the link between the king and the people. He acted as the guardian of Islamic law and the spokesman of the ulema. The muhtasib was the censor of public morals. Sometimes, he was asked to fix the prices of the goods and enforce the use of correct weights and measures. The qazi-ul-quzat was the chief qazi, that is, the highest judicial officer. The qazis were helped by the muftis. The title of diwan-i-buyutat was given to the officer who r~gistered the wealth and property of the de­ceased. He also fixed the price of articles, and made provision for the royal karkhanas.

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